The Mediterranean Sea is the sea located between Southern Europe and Northern Africa, providing access to major nations of the world such as Italy, Spain, Greece and Egypt. The temperatures of the Mediterranean are warm and the waters are comparatively gentle. It has provided its nations with trade routes for most of human history and allowed the development of trade, culture and the spread of civilisation from the very cradle of civilisation in the Middle-East across Europe and Africa.
The Mediterranean is considered warm and gentle when compared to other seas of the world. It stands between the continents of Europe to the north, Africa to the south[Leg 1] and the Middle-East to the east, while it connects to the Atlantic Ocean in the west.